A recent poll in Britain found that public support for sanctions against Russia is falling as fuel and prices rise.
The proportion of people willing to accept higher fuel prices as a result of western sanctions against Russia fell 14 percentage points to 36% from 50% in March, according to a survey conducted for the Telegraph by consultancy Redfield & Wilton Strategies.
Global energy and fuel prices have soared since the start of the year and remain high because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and uncertainty over Russian supplies.
The survey also found that 54% of people believe their own financial situation has worsened in the past year, up 12 percentage points from 42% two months ago. Sixty-two percent think things will get worse in the year ahead. Less than a third of respondents said they had received a pay rise to keep up with inflation, with two-thirds of those saying it was not enough to keep up with rising living costs.
The figures suggest that public concern about the conflict with Ukraine is now likely to be overtaken by financial worries.
Separately, the UK's consumer price index rose 7 percent this month from a year earlier, the highest since March 1992, according to figures released recently by the Office for National Statistics. In addition, a separate report released a few days ago by the Centre for Economics and Business Research said that real household disposable income in the UK will fall by 3% in 2022, equivalent to a loss of £2,320 per household, which would lead to the biggest drop in living standards since the 1950s. That is mainly because wages aren't keeping up with rising energy and fuel costs.
The prices of other commodities like the Titanium Carbide powder are also expected to be influenced.
Introduction to Titanium Carbide TiC Powder
The chemical formula for titanium carbide is TiC. It is a steel-gray crystal with a metallic luster. It has thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity, and its electrical conductivity decreases with the increase of temperature, so it shows the property of medal. It is a hard, high melting point compound, second only to diamond in hardness, with a microhardness of 2850 kg/mm2. The lattice constant a=4.173×10-8cm. Melting point 3150℃, boiling point 4820℃, relative density 4.9. TiN and TiO have the same lattice and the same parameters, so a series of continuous solid solutions can be formed between them. When heated to above 1500℃ in H2 gas, C removal gradually occurs. The mixture of Ti(C, N) carbon nitride reacts with N2 gas above 1200℃ to form a variable composition. The oxidation rate of TiC is slow at 800℃, but the powder TiC can be burned in O2 at 600℃ to generate TiO2 and CO2. At 1200℃, TiO2 and CO are produced by reaction with O2 gas. It does not interact with water, but can react with water vapor to generate TiO2, CO, and H2 at temperatures above 700℃. It does not react with CO, but reacts with CO2 at 1200℃ to generate TiO2 and CO. Insoluble in hydrochloric acid and lye, soluble in nitric acid and aqua regia.
|Titanium Carbide TiC Powder Properties|
|Other Names||titanium(IV) carbide, TiC powder|
|Solubility in H2O||insoluble|
Preparation Methods of Titanium Carbide TiC Powder
1. Carbothermic reduction
TiO2 was reduced with carbon black at 1700-2100℃, and the chemical reaction formula was: TiO2(S)+ 3C(s)=TiC(S)+2CO(g).
2. Direct carbonization method
TiC was prepared by the reaction of Ti powder and carbon powder.
Due to the difficulty in preparing submicron Ti powder, the application of this method is limited. The above reaction takes 5-20 hours to complete, the reaction process is difficult to control, and the reactants agglomerate seriously. It requires further grinding to prepare fine TiC powder. In order to obtain a purer product, it is necessary to purify the fine powder after ball milling by chemical method.
3. Chemical vapor deposition
The synthesis method utilizes the reaction between TiCl4, H2 and C.
The reactants react with hot tungsten or carbon monofilaments. TiC crystals grow directly on the monofilaments. The yield and sometimes even quality of TiC powders synthesized by this method are strictly limited.
4. Sol-gel method
The invention relates to a method for preparing small particle size products by fully mixing and dispersing materials with solution. It has the advantages of good chemical uniformity, small powder size, and narrow distribution, low heat treatment temperature, but the synthesis process is complex, drying shrinkage is large.
5. Microwave method
Using nano TiO2 and carbon black as raw materials, using the principle of carbon thermal reduction reaction, using microwave energy to heat the material. In fact, the dielectric loss of materials in the high-frequency electric field is used to convert microwave energy into heat energy, so that nano TiO2 and carbon can synthesize TiC.
Applications of Titanium Carbide TiC Powder
1. Used in cutting tools, wear-resistant coating, mold manufacturing, and other fields;
2. Raw materials for the production of ceramics and hard metallurgical parts by powder metallurgy, such as drawing film, hard alloy die, etc. Polyphase ceramics can be applied to hard cutting tools, military armor materials, aerospace components, such as gas tanks, engines, nozzle lining, turbine rotors, blades, and structural components in nuclear reactors;
3. As a coating material, it can be used in diamond coating, tritium anti-coating in the fusion reactor, electric contact coating, excavator cutter coating, as well as foam ceramics, infrared radiation ceramics, etc.
Main Supplier of Titanium Carbide TiC Powder
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including silicon powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, zinc sulfide, calcium nitride, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality titanium carbide TiC Powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the Titanium Carbide powder will be influenced by that.
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