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Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the concrete foaming agents.
There are three common foaming agents: animal, vegetable, and compound. Vegetable and animal foaming agents are most commonly used.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Foaming Agents
For vegetable foaming agents, rosin resin, alkyl sulfur, acid salts, and alkylbenzene sulfonates are the main raw materials. The formulation of vegetable foaming agents is simpler and the cost is lower than other kinds of foaming agents. However, the main defect of vegetable foaming agents is the poor foam stability and low strength.
Animal foaming agents use animal protein as the main raw material, the foam strength and uniformity are better than that of vegetable foaming agents. But it is more expensive. And it has a short shelf life. Especially in the hot summer climate, the progress of the project will be prolonged, and more materials will be needed.
Compound foaming agents are developed by the composite method, which absorbs the advantages of vegetable and animal foaming agents and makes up for the shortcomings of both, so the compound foaming agent is the best choice in actual construction.
Various Composite Method
1. The complementary method
In view of each component having its own advantages, combining multiple components can achieve complementary advantages. For example, some foaming agent has strong foaming ability but is not stable, we can use other types of foaming agents to help them achieve stability. If the foaming agent costs too much, we can compound it with other cheap foaming agents without damaging the overall performance.
2. The coordination method
Sometimes, multiple compounds do not complement each other, but can be synergistic. For example, the performance of the two or three is not good enough in one respect, but when they compound, the synergistic effect could be reached, so that the effect is greatly enhanced. The synergistic effect is the most common technical principle of various admixtures.
3. The synergistic method:
When the effect of some single component foaming agent is not good in a certain aspect, synergistic ingredients can be used to strengthen it, so that it becomes better than inferior.
4. Increase function method:
Some foaming agents have less function and cannot meet the demand of a certain aspect of the product function, which can be solved by the method of admixture.
The compound of lightweight concrete additives is a trend. Because even if the performance of a single variety is excellent, it is impossible to meet more and more stringent technical requirements.
Suppliers of Concrete Additives
TRUNNANO is a reliable foaming agents supplier with over 12-year experience in nano-building energy conservation and nanotechnology development.
If you are looking for high-quality CLC foaming agents, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. (firstname.lastname@example.org)
We accept payment via Credit Card, T/T, West Union, and Paypal. TRUNNANO will ship the goods to customers overseas through FedEx, DHL, by air, or by sea.
Inflationary pressures on Canadians continue to rise. The consumer-price index rose 6.7% in March from a year earlier, the biggest increase since January 1991, according to the latest figures from Statistics Canada.
On a month-on-month basis, Canada's CPI rose 1.4 percent in March, also accelerating from February's 1.0 percent rise.
Prices in the eight major sectors covered by the statistics continued to rise. The uptrend comes against the backdrop of continued price pressures in the Canadian housing market, widespread supply chain constraints, and geopolitical conflicts, according to CBC. A variety of factors have affected energy, commodity, and agricultural markets. Meanwhile, Canada's employment picture continued to improve in March, with the unemployment rate falling to a record low and the average hourly earnings of employees rising.
Excluding gasoline, Canada's CPI rose 5.5 percent year on year in March. It is also the highest since comparable data began in 1999.
The widespread supply chain constraints and geopolitical conflicts are expected to continue to affect the prices of the concrete foaming agents.
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